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EFFECT OF SMOKING ON FITNESS

Physical fitness is a state of physical well-being, health, ability to perform work, daily activities, and occupation. Fitness can be affected by several risk factors and habits.

Smoking is the most significant risk factor for poor fitness. There are different effects of smoking on physical fitness which are as follows:

VASOCONSTRICTION:


Vasoconstriction is the constriction of blood vessels resulting in high blood pressure (hypertension) and less supply of blood to respective areas. Abundant blood supply is always required by the body muscles and structures to stay fit.

INCREASED DANGER OF COMPLICATIONS AND INJURY


Smoking makes the tissues and skin fragile by the poor supply of oxygen to the tissues. For the peak performances of muscles, heart, and even lungs, oxygen-rich blood is required, which is deprived of smoking.

LESS ENDURANCE


Smoking causes increased lactic acid deposition in the body, which leads to poor muscle endurance, and an individual gets fatigued easily. Endurance requires angiogenesis (formation of new blood vessels), which is prevented by smoking.

PREMATURE AGEING


Skin and body need effective blood supply and nutrients to stay young and healthy. Smoking causes an intense burning of vitamin C and skin nutrients. Smoking also causes stiffness and hardening of arteries, which lead to premature aging of a smoker leading to less extensibility and flexibility in joints and muscles.

CONCLUSION


Smoking can have a significant impact on fitness. Smoking can contribute to fatal diseases such as emphysema and lung cancer. Athletes who smoke generally have poor fitness.

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